The Smashing Pumpkins are an American band that formed in Chicago, Illinois, 1988. Fronted by Billy Corgan (vocals, guitar) and James Iha (guitar, backing vocals), the band has included D'arcy Wretzky (bass guitar, backing vocals), Jimmy Chamberlin (drums, percussion), and Melissa Auf der Maur (bass guitar) amongst its membership. The Pumpkins have a diverse, densely layered, and guitar-heavy sound, containing elements of gothic rock, heavy metal, psychedelic rock, arena rock and, in later recordings, electronica.
With the release of their second album Siamese Dream in 1993, the Smashing Pumpkins broke into the mainstream with over 4 million records sold, a successful tour, and critically acclaimed release. They then continued this with an impressive follow up in the form of 1995’s Melon Collie and the Infinite Sadness which was even more successful all over the world, ear marking them as one of the biggest bands of their time. Here they incorporated some softer less abrasive melodies, quite often backed by the presence of a stings section and/or orchestra. The album went 9 times platinum and reached number 1 in the billboard 200. Subsequent releases however failed to achieve the same level of success and after two more average selling albums the band broke up due to in house conflict and artistic differences. In 2005 however, the band was back for a successful reunion tour and even released a new album in the form of Zeitgeist to moderate sales. With 18.75 million albums sold in the United States alone, The Smashing Pumpkins are one of the most commercially successful bands of the 1990s.